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11/06/2020

How did ancient Athens contribute to democracy?

How did ancient Athens contribute to democracy?

Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it.

What type of democracy Did 5th century BC Athens have?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

What are 3 contributions of Greece to democracy?

There were three important parts to these changes made by Cleisthenes. There was a group that wrote laws and determined foreign policy. There was a group that had representatives from the ten tribes of Athens. There also was a court system where cases were tried, and jurors decided the cases.

Why was Athens government better?

Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.

How did ancient Greece influence democracy?

Another important ancient Greek concept that influenced the formation of the United States government was the written constitution. The original U.S. voting system had some similarities with that of Athens. In Athens, every citizen could speak his mind and vote at a large assembly that met to create laws.

How did Athenian democracy start?

In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people” (from demos, “the people,” and kratos, or “power”). It was the first known democracy in the world.

What type of government did Athens have?

Athenian democracy
AristocracyDirect democracy
Classical Athens/Government

What were ancient Greece’s most important contributions to democracy?

Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, its invention by Cleisthenes, “The Father of Democracy,” was one of ancient Greece’s most enduring contributions to the modern world. The Greek system of direct democracy would pave the way for representative democracies across the globe.

What did Greece contribute to democracy What did Rome contribute?

Rome contributed to democracy by creating a government where the people ruled. When the founding fathers established the US government, they based it partly on the Roman style of government and divided the government into different branches, including the Senate, the House of Representatives, and a judicial system.

Why is Athens economy better than Sparta?

While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.

Why is Athens the best?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They believed they produced the best literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools – many other Greek city-states agreed with them. (Corinth was a highly respected city-state. Sparta was famous for military strength.

Why was democracy so important to the Athenians?

Firstly, the democracy cultivated a unique identity for the Athenians which provided them a sense of superiority over their fellow Greeks. Secondly, the Athenian system of direct democracy allowed the benefits of empire to be accessed by all citizens and did not contain any checks and balances to a demos that was predisposed towards imperialism.

Where was the first democracy in the world?

The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government.

What was the Constitution like in ancient Athens?

There was in Athens no written constitution along the lines of the U.S. Constitution. The Athenian constitution, like the unwritten constitution of modern England, was a collection of customs, laws, institu- tions, and understandings, which were never reduced to a single document. II.

Why was the Golden Age of Athens so important?

Athens lies five miles inland from the sea, but the harbour at Piraeus is one of the finest natural harbours in the world and so the Athenians built long walls from the city down to the Piraeus, making it impregnable. The years from 454 BC and 432 BC when the Peloponnesian war broke out were the golden age of Athens.