How does convergence explain collective behavior?
Convergence theory assumes that crowd behavior reflects the preexisting values and beliefs and behavioral disposition of the individuals who join a crowd. Emergent norm theory assumes that norms emerge after people gather for collective behavior, and that their behavior afterward is largely rational.
What are the theories of collective behavior?
There are three main theories on collective behavior. The first, the emergent-norm perspective, emphasizes the importance of social norms in crowd behavior. The next, the value-added theory, is a functionalist perspective that states that several preconditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur.
What does convergence theory say about crowd behavior?
Convergence theory claims that crowd behavior is not irrational; rather, people in crowds express existing beliefs and values so that the mob reaction is the rational product of widespread popular feeling.
What factors contribute to collective behavior?
Collective behavior results when several conditions exist, including structural strain, generalized beliefs, precipitating factors, and lack of social control.
What are the three major theories that explain crowd behavior?
In this lesson, we will discuss three different theories to explain crowd behavior: contagion theory, convergent theory, and emergent norm theory. Crowds are common occurrences and can be seen in sporting events, music concerts, shopping sales, and amusement parks.
What are the 8 types of collective behavior?
Common forms of collective behavior discussed in this section include crowds, mobs, panics, riots, disaster behavior, rumors, mass hysteria, moral panics, and fads and crazes.
What factors can influence crowd behavior?
It is found that several social influence processes affect the attitudes and actions of crowd members – social facilitation, modeling and imitation, conformity to group norms, group discussion and persuasive appeals.
How does convergence theory relate to collective behavior?
Convergence theory is one of the theories that presented this new understanding of collective behavior. According to this theory, crowds do not unduly influence individuals to act in emotional and even violent ways. Rather, crowd behavior reflects the behavior and attitudes of the individuals who decide to join a crowd.
How is convergence theory related to Emergent norm theory?
Convergence theory argues that crowd behavior is a reflection of the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that individuals bring to a crowd. While contagion theory and emergent norm theory focus on how crowds affect individuals, convergence theory sees individuals as the key force that affects crowds.
How does contagion theory relate to collective behavior?
In short, contagion theory argues that collective behavior is irrational and results from the contagious influence of the crowds in which individuals find themselves. Contagion theory assumes that people in a crowd act emotionally and irrationally because they come under the influence of the crowd’s impulses.
What do you need to know about collective behavior?
Learning Objectives Theory Major assumptions Contagion theory Collective behavior is emotional and irr Convergence theory Crowd behavior reflects the beliefs and Emergent norm theory People are not sure how to behave when t Value-added theory Collective behavior results when several