How many languages are there in Tajikistan?

How many languages are there in Tajikistan?


Republic of Tajikistan Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tajik) Jumhurii Tojikiston
Language of inter-ethnic communication Russian
Spoken languages Tajik • Russian • Uzbek • Kyrgyz • Turkmen • Shughni • Rushani • Yaghnobi • Bartangi • Sanglechi-Ishkashimi • Central Asian Arabic • Parya • Bukhori • Tatar • Ukrainian • others

Why do Tajiks speak Persian?

The Tajik of Tajikistan has diverged from Persian as spoken in Afghanistan and Iran due to political borders, geographical isolation, the standardisation process and the influence of Russian and neighbouring Turkic languages.

Can Tajiks read Persian?

In addition, the law officially equated Tajik with Persian, placing the word Farsi (the endonym for the Persian language) after Tajik. As of 2004 the de facto standard in use was the Cyrillic alphabet and as of 1996, only a very small part of the population could read the Persian alphabet.

Are Farsi and Tajik the same?

Farsi and Dari are two dialects of the same language, mutually intelligible in written format, but very different when spoken. Tajik too has diverged from Farsi in both script and vocabulary and they are often mutually intelligible when spoken but not when written.

Do they speak Arabic in Tajikistan?

Other than Russian, several other minority languages are spoken in Tajikistan. Tajikistan also has about 50,000 Persian speakers as well Arabic and Pashto-speaking communities.

What language do Afghanis speak?

Afghanistan/Official languages

Can Tajiks speak Russian?

A generation ago, Russian was the primary language of Tajikistan’s cities, but today it is spoken mainly by a dwindling elite. Due to war and economic decay over the past two decades, hundreds of thousands of the best-educated Tajiks – generally Russian-speakers – have left the country.

Are Pashtuns Persian?

The origins of the Pashtuns are not entirely clear, but their language is classified as an Eastern Iranian tongue, itself a sub-branch of the Indo-Iranian branch of the greater Indo-European family of languages, and thus the Pashtuns are often classified as an Iranian peoples, notably as probable modern day descendants …

Is Persian spoken in Tajikistan?

Major Minority Languages In Tajikistan It is spoken by about 60,000 people in the country. Tajikistan also has about 50,000 Persian speakers as well Arabic and Pashto-speaking communities.

Is Uzbekistan Persian?

For many centuries the region of Uzbekistan was ruled by Persian empires, including the Parthian and Sassanid Empires. In the first centuries, the northern territories of modern Uzbekistan were part of the Kangju nomad state.

Is the Tajik language the official language of Tajikistan?

Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan. In Afghanistan (where Tajik people make up a large part of the population), this language is less influenced by Turkic languages, is called Dari, and has co-official language status. Tajiks constitute 80% of Tajikistan’s population, and the language dominates in most parts of the country.

When did the first people settle in Tajikistan?

People have inhabited the area now known as Tajikistan since around 4000 BC, when different tribes, distinguished by language, settled the region. The various kingdoms were absorbed into the Persian Achaemenid Empire around the 5th or 6th century BC, which began a long process of Tajikistan being ruled by different empires and cultures.

What kind of culture do Tajik people have?

Culture. The Tajik identity and culture dates back several thousand years, and is very similar to that of Afghanistan and Iran in terms of language, beliefs, and habits. The vast majority of the population is Muslim, which had shaped the culture, particularly the art, food, music, and festivals.

When did the United States recognize Tajikistan as a country?

U.S. Recognition of Tajikistan, 1991. The United States recognized Tajikistan’s independence on December 25, 1991, when President George H.W. Bush announced the decision in an address to the nation regarding the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Tajikistan previously had been a constituent republic of the USSR.