What did Lieutenant Colonel William Malone refuse?
During the Sari Bair offensive in August, Malone led his battalion in the seizure of the Apex on Rhododendron Ridge, but is said to have refused to follow up a disastrous attack by the Auckland Battalion on Chunuk Bair, insisting that he would not send his men ‘over to commit suicide’.
What did William Malone do in war?
It is for his military achievements that William Malone is best known. During the South African War he helped raise the Stratford Rifle Volunteers and served as captain. By 1910 he was a lieutenant-colonel and commanding officer of 4th Battalion, Wellington (Taranaki) Rifle Volunteers.
What did William Malone do before he went to war?
In August 1914, when the First World War broke out, William Malone was a successful lawyer and farmer in the Taranaki town of Stratford. He was 55 years old and had seven children ranging in age from 25 to four years old. Two of Malone’s sons, Edmond and Terry, fought at Gallipoli with the Wellington Mounted Rifles.
How old was William Malone?
56 years (1859–1915)
William George Malone/Age at death
What happened during the Battle of Chunuk Bair?
A naval barrage early on August 8 virtually cleared Chunuk Bair of the Ottomans and the Wellingtonians took the ridge virtually unopposed. However, it was difficult to defend and the Ottomans were on the counter attack by 5am. A day of fierce fighting followed with a total of 424 New Zealand lives lost.
What happened at Gallipoli?
At dawn on 25 April 1915, Allied troops landed on the Gallipoli peninsula in Ottoman Turkey. The Gallipoli campaign was the land-based element of a strategy intended to allow Allied ships to pass through the Dardanelles, capture Constantinople (now Istanbul) and ultimately knock Ottoman Turkey out of the war.
Who led the Turkish counterattack at Chunuk Bair?
On the morning of 10 August Mustafa Kemal led an overwhelming Ottoman counter-attack. If Chunuk Bair, the one Allied success of the August offensive, was recaptured, the battle was effectively over.
How many Anzacs died at Gallipoli on the first day?
ANZAC casualties on the first day numbered around 2,000 men killed or wounded. The failure to secure the high ground led to a tactical stalemate, with the landings contained by the defenders in a perimeter less than 1.2 mi (2 km) long.
Who Captured Chunuk Bair?
8 August 1915 The high point of the New Zealand effort at Gallipoli, the capture of Chunuk Bair underlined the leadership qualities of Lieutenant-Colonel William Malone. Two columns of the New Zealand Infantry Brigade carried out the attack, which began on 6 August.
How many Anzacs died at Chunuk Bair?
Over the two days on Chunuk Bair, New Zealand suffered nearly 2,500 casualties, including over 800 dead. Over the five days of the August Offensive, 6-10 August, over 880 New Zealanders were killed and close to 2,500 wounded.