What disease does angiostrongylus Cantonensis cause?

What disease does angiostrongylus Cantonensis cause?

Angiostrongylus is a parasitic nematode that can cause severe gastrointestinal or central nervous system disease in humans, depending on the species. Angiostrongylus cantonensis, which is also known as the rat lungworm, causes eosinophilic meningitis and is prevalent in Southeast Asia and tropical Pacific islands.

How do you get angiostrongylus Cantonensis?

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is found mostly in southeast Asia and the Pacific Basin, but its distribution is spreading to Africa and the Caribbean. The infection is mainly acquired by eating raw or undercooked snails or slugs; it may also be acquired from eating crabs and freshwater shrimp.

What is abdominal Angiostrongyliasis?

Abdominal angiostrongyliasis is a sporadic infectious disease caused by the nematode Angiostrongylus costaricensis. It usually presents as acute abdomen, secondary to mesenteric ischemia, and pronounced eosinophilia. In some cases its course is insidious and transient, and the diagnosis is suspicious.

What type of pathogen is Lungworm?

Dictyocaulus spp., or lungworms, are nematodes that cause varying clinical signs in ruminants. In sheep, Dictyocaulus filaria, Protostrongylus rufescens, and Muellerius capillaris cause disease; Dictyocaulus is the most pathogenic.

How do humans get rat lungworm disease?

Rat lung worm or Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a parasite that mainly lives in rodents such as rats and can infect snails and slugs that come into contact with infected rat faeces. People can be infected when they eat an infected snail or slug.

Where does rat lungworm come from?

It is also called the rat lungworm. The adult form of the parasite is found only in rodents. Infected rats pass larvae of the parasite in their feces. Snails and slugs get infected by ingesting the larvae.

What are the symptoms of Gnathostomiasis?

When someone eats the parasite, it moves through the wall of the stomach or intestine and liver. During this early phase, many people have no symptoms or they may experience fever, excess tiredness, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain. This phase may last for 2 or 3 weeks.

What is the scientific name for Lungworms?

Lungworm is a parasite (Latin name: Angiostrongylus Vasorum) which affects dogs and is very prevalent in the South East of England, including our part of Surrey.

What happens if you have an Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection?

A. cantonensis infection may occasionally prove fatal. Ocular angiostrongyliasis is associated with uveitis, blurred vision, and a substantial loss of visual acuity.

Who are the intermediate hosts of Angiostrongylus cantonensis?

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a metastrongyloid nematode found widely in the Asia-Pacific region, and the aetiological agent of angiostrongyliasis; a disease characterized by eosinophilic meningitis. Rattus rats are definitive hosts of A. cantonensis, while intermediate hosts include terrestrial and aquatic molluscs.

What kind of nematode is Angiostrongylus cantonensis?

David J. Diemert, in Goldman’s Cecil Medicine (Twenty Fourth Edition), 2012 Angiostrongylus cantonensis and Angiostrongylus costaricensis are nematodes that normally infect rodents, primarily rats.

Where does an Angiostrongylus costaricensis worm come from?

Angiostrongylus cantonensis and Angiostrongylus costaricensis are nematodes that normally infect rodents, primarily rats. The adult worms of A. cantonensis, or rat lungworm, inhabit the pulmonary arteries of rodents; larvae are produced that migrate to the pharynx, are swallowed, and then are passed in the feces.