# What is meant by Huygens theory of double refraction?

## What is meant by Huygens theory of double refraction?

HUYGEN’S THEORY OF DOUBLE REFRACTION • According to Huygen’s theory , a point in a doubly refracting or birefringent crystal produces 2 types of wavefronts:  The wavefront corresponding to the O-ray  Spherical wavefront oThe ordinary wave travels with same velocity in all directions and so the corresponding wavefront …

## Why is there an appearance of Colours when the crystals are placed in between two Polaroid sheets?

Because one wave is retarded with respect to the other, interference (either constructive or destructive) occurs between the waves as they pass through the analyzer. The net result is that some birefringent samples acquire a spectrum of color when observed in white light through crossed polarizers.

What are doubly refracting crystals?

Explain Doubly Refracting Crystals. Ans: The property possessed by certain crystals that are capable of forming two refracted rays from a single incident ray is a doubly refracting crystal.

What is Huygens wave theory principle?

Huygens’ principle, in optics, a statement that all points of a wave front of light in a vacuum or transparent medium may be regarded as new sources of wavelets that expand in every direction at a rate depending on their velocities.

### What is meant by double refraction?

double refraction, also called birefringence, an optical property in which a single ray of unpolarized light entering an anisotropic medium is split into two rays, each traveling in a different direction. Double refraction can be observed by comparing two materials, glass and calcite.

### What is double refraction in geology?

Optical phenomenon exhibited on certain minerals where a light ray enters the crystal and splits up into two separate rays. The double refraction is different in every mineral, and can be used to identify gemstones. Double refraction is measured with a refractometer.

What happens when two polarizing filters are placed so that their axes of polarization?

When the axes of the first and second filters are aligned (parallel), then all of the polarized light passed by the first filter is also passed by the second. If the second polarizing filter is rotated, only the component of the light parallel to the second filter’s axis is passed.

What is double refracting material?

Double refraction, also called birefringence, an optical property in which a single ray of unpolarized light entering an anisotropic medium is split into two rays, each traveling in a different direction. Double refraction can be observed by comparing two materials, glass and calcite.

#### What is Huygens principle use it to explain reflection of light?

Reflection: Huygens’s principle applied to a straight wavefront striking a mirror. The wavelets shown were emitted as each point on the wavefront struck the mirror. The tangent to these wavelets shows that the new wavefront has been reflected at an angle equal to the incident angle.

#### What is hygiene principle Class 12?

Huygens principle states that each point of a wavefront is the source of secondary wavelets (small waves) which spread in all directions with the speed of the wave. The new wavefront is formed by drawing a line tangent to all the wavelets.

How is the Huygens principle used in physics?

The Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens (1629–1695) developed a useful technique for determining in detail how and where waves propagate. Starting from some known position, Huygens’s principle states that every point on a wave front is a source of wavelets that spread out in the forward direction at the same speed as the wave itself.

How is the law of refraction related to a mirror?

A mirror reflects an incoming wave at an angle equal to the incident angle, verifying the law of reflection. The law of refraction can be explained by applying Huygens’s principle to a wave front passing from one medium to another. The bending of a wave around the edges of an opening or an obstacle is called diffraction.

## What kind of light breaks into two rays?

• Light passing through a uniaxial crystal at an orientation other than the optic axis will therefore break into 2 rays: an ordinary ray “o”, and an extraordinary ray “e”. • A mineral in which the extraordinary ray is slower than that of the ordinary one (i.e.  > ) is considered to be optically positive, and vice versa.

## How are uniaxial minerals related to the refractive index?

UNIAXIAL MINERALS • Uniaxial minerals are defined as minerals that have one and only one direction along which light passes with the vibrations (remember, vibrations are always perpendicular to the direction of propagation) moving at equal speed (and hence with a unique resistance or refractive index).

28/08/2020