What is the relationship between curie and becquerel?
As such, 1 Bq represents a rate of radioactive decay equal to 1 disintegration per second, and 37 billion (3.7 x 1010) Bq equals 1 curie (Ci).
What did becquerel and curie discover?
They figured out how to measure the intensity of the radioactivity, and soon found other radioactive elements: polonium, thorium and radium. Marie Curie coined the term “radioactivity” to describe the new phenomenon. Becquerel and the Curies shared the 1903 Nobel Prize for their work on radioactivity.
How does a becquerel differ from a curie?
A becquerel is one decay per second (dps). The curie (Ci) is the traditional unit of radioactivity and is the unit most commonly used in the United States. One curie is 37 billion Bq.
How do you convert curie to becquerel?
The becquerel succeeded the curie (Ci), an older, non-SI unit of radioactivity based on the activity of 1 gram of radium-226. The curie is defined as 3.7×1010 s−1, or 37 GBq. Conversion factors: 1 Ci = 3.7×1010 Bq = 37 GBq.
What is a curie equal to?
As such, 1 Ci is equal to 37 billion (3.7 x 1010) disintegrations per second, so 1 Ci also equals 37 billion (3.7 x 1010) Bequerels (Bq). A curie is also a quantity of any radionuclide that decays at a rate of 37 billion disintegrations per second (1 gram of radium, for example).
What is the relation between two units of radioactivity?
One decay per second equals one becquerel. An older unit is the curie, named after Pierre and Marie Curie. One curie is approximately the activity of 1 gram of radium and equals (exactly) 3.7 x 1010 becquerel.
What did Becquerel discover about the atom?
Like Thomson’s discovery of the electron, the discovery of radioactivity in uranium by French physicist Henri Becquerel in 1896 forced scientists to radically change their ideas about atomic structure. Radioactivity demonstrated that the atom was neither indivisible nor immutable.
How many becquerels are there in Chernobyl?
On April 26, 1986, a serious reactor accident occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. A total radioactivity of 2 x 10(18) becquerel, i.e. 3.5% of the reactor inventory were released spreading throughout Europe.
What is meant by 1 curie?
One of three units used to measure the intensity of radioactivity in a sample of material. As such, 1 Ci is equal to 37 billion (3.7 x 1010) disintegrations per second, so 1 Ci also equals 37 billion (3.7 x 1010) Bequerels (Bq). …
What is the value of 1 curie?
One curie (1 Ci) is equal to 3.7 × 1010 radioactive decays per second, which is roughly the amount of decays that occur in 1 gram of radium per second and is 3.7 × 1010 becquerels (Bq). In 1975 the becquerel replaced the curie as the official radiation unit in the International System of Units (SI).
How do you convert curie to per second?
Calculate the value in curies by dividing the decay rate per second by 3.7 x 10^10, the decay rate equal to 1 curie. For example, 1 gram of Cobalt-60 is equivalent to 1,119 curies because 4.141 x 10^13/ 3.7 x 10^10 = 1,119 Ci.