What is the role of community forest in the rural development of Nepal?

What is the role of community forest in the rural development of Nepal?

Nepal’s Community Forestry (CF) process has implied the devolution of powers to collect, retain, and redistribute forest revenue from community forests products. Overall, 44% of the CFUG income is invested in community development and 37% in forest conservation.

What is the role of community forest in Nepalese economic development?

Community forestry policy and institutional innovations contribute to improved welfare and livelihood security in Nepal by increasing access of CFUG to forest products and by providing positive impacts on income, employment and entrepreneurial opportunities, livelihood diversification, and broader community development …

Is the concept of community forestry working well in Nepal?

Community forestry is a successful participatory approach for forest protection and management in Nepal. Until now, about 850,000 hectares forests of Nepal have been handed over to eleven thousand forest user groups.

How does your community benefit from the forest?

Many forest communities clear small areas of forest for subsistence agriculture or husbandry, but the forest is able to regenerate and continues to provide numerous benefits in the form of food, building materials, medicines, and many other products and services.

What is community forest in Short answer?

Community forestry is an evolving branch of forestry whereby the local community plays a significant role in forest management and land use decision making by themselves in the facilitating support of government as well as change agents.

What is meant by community forestry?

“Community forestry is a village-level forestry activity, decided on collectively and implemented on communal land, where local populations participate in the planning, establishing, managing and harvesting of forest crops, and so receive a major proportion of the socio-economic and ecological benefits from the forest. …

Why is it important to have community forest?

Community forestry has a positive impact on the social, economic, and environmental aspects of rural life. Community members have strengthened social relationships as they work together to improve forest cover and maintain catchments by planting valuable tree species and protecting them.

What is the role of communities in conserving the forest and wildlife resources?

The community has declared their own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting and are protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments. (ii) Conservation of forests and wildlife was prevalent among the tribal communities and in villages in the name of nature worship.

How many community forestry are there in Nepal?

For more than two decades, local communities have been involved in the management and utilization of forests in Nepal. About a million hectares of national forests have been handed over to 12,725 Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs) involving over a million households.

How do trees help the community?

Trees benefit communities by improving air quality, mitigating stormwater, providing shade and enhancing aesthetic beauty, providing wildlife habitat, and increasing property value. The Benefits of Trees Provides statistics on just how important trees are in a community setting.

What do you mean by community forests?

A community forest offers the local community value and benefits from the land, access and rights to the forest resources, and participation in management decisions. Community forests are permanently protected and typically owned by a local government or community-based nonprofit, such as a land trust.

What is the community of a forest?

Forest communities are made up of distinct assemblages of plant species. These communities are distributed quite variably across the landscape. Certain tree species are often found together in natural forest communities.

When did community forestry become legal in Nepal?

A master plan of the forestry sector (1989) placed the community forestry program as one of its six primary programs. The Forest Act was enacted in 1993, where community forestry was recognized as one of the forestry programs for Nepal. Regulations were passed in 1995, which elaborated operational modalities for community forests.

What kind of forest is there in Nepal?

In Nepal, Community based Forestry (CbF)- cover about 40 percent of the total forests in Nepal – included Community Forestry, Collaborative Forestry, Pro-poor Leasehold Forestry, Religious Forestry, Buffer Zone Community Forestry and Protection Forestry.

How does community forest and forest management work?

They prepare a forest management plan according to their needs and forests are managed according to the plan for the purpose of resource utilization as well as protection and conservation. The basic assumption of the CFUG is that users become united and become capable of managing community forests for their mutual benefits.

How long has CBFM been in use in Nepal?

However, the level of participation may be varied according to the modalities and tenure arrangements. Nepal has been implementing CBFM approach for the forest through differently named programs since 1976, with the formulation of National Forestry Plan, 1976.