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16/09/2020

What is the Zuiderzee project?

What is the Zuiderzee project?

The Zuiderzee Works (Dutch: Zuiderzeewerken) is a man-made system of dams and dikes, land reclamation and water drainage work, in total the largest hydraulic engineering project undertaken by the Netherlands during the twentieth century.

What happened to the Zuiderzee?

On Dec. 14, 1287, a heavy storm over the North Sea generated surging waves that collapsed a thin land barrier, flooding the Zuiderzee inlet. A significant percentage of the country’s population perished in the disaster, and it has been rated as one of the most destructive floods in recorded history. Called the St.

Where is Zuiderzee located?

the Netherlands
Zuiderzee, English Southern Sea, former inlet of the North Sea. From the 13th to the 20th century, the Zuiderzee penetrated the Netherlands and occupied some 2,000 square miles (5,000 square km); it was separated from the North Sea by an arc of former sandflats that are now the West Frisian Islands.

Is the Netherlands still reclaiming land?

Land reclamation in the Netherlands has a long history. Much of the modern land reclamation has been done as a part of the Zuiderzee Works since 1918. As of 2017, roughly 17% of the total land area of the Netherlands is land reclaimed from either sea or lakes.

What does the word IJsselmeer mean?

IJsselmeer in British English or Ysselmeer (Dutch ɛisəlˈmeːr) noun. a shallow lake in the NW Netherlands; formed from the S part of the Zuider Zee by the construction of the IJsselmeer Dam in 1932; salt water gradually replaced by fresh water from the IJssel River; fisheries (formerly marine fish, now esp eels).

What are some land reclamation projects?

Notable examples of coastal land reclamation include Hong Kong, Singapore, the Netherlands (OSPAR, 2008a,b; Hilton and Manning, 1995) and much of the coastline of mainland China (An et al., 2007). Artificial islands are an example of land reclamation.

How did the Zuider Zee become ijsselmeer?

How did Zuider Zee become Ijsselmeer? The dutch bulit dikes across the entreance to the Zuider Zee which did not allow salt water to flow into it which created the fresh water lake, Ijsslemeer. What are polders and where are they found? It is land that is reclaimed by diking and draining.

What city is Delta Zuiderzee Works in?

The Delta Works Just south of the Netherlands city of Rotterdam the Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt rivers meet the North Sea. This estuary area was extremely low lying and had been subject to heavy floods for centuries.

What was the main project of the Zuiderzee Works?

The Zuiderzee Works Department initiated the next two major projects at the same time, in 1927. The most important of these was the main dam, the Afsluitdijk (enclosure dam), running from Den Oever on Wieringen to the village of Zurich in Friesland.

When did the construction of the Zuiderzee dam begin?

In IJsselmeer Polders The Zuiderzee project, which involved the construction of a dam (Afsluitdijk; completed 1932) enclosing the IJsselmeer and the subsequent land reclamation of its rich marine clay, began in 1920, following the plans of engineer-statesman Cornelis Lely.

When did the Zuiderzee become the IJsselmeer?

With the completion of the Afsluitdijk in 1932, the Zuiderzee became the IJsselmeer, and large areas of water could be reclaimed for farming and housing. These areas, known as polders, were respectively the Wieringermeer, the Noordoostpolder, and Flevoland .

How did the Zuiderzee departement get its name?

A département was formed in 1811 and named as Zuyderzée after the Zuiderzee, of which the territory roughly corresponded to the present provinces of North Holland and Utrecht . In 1928, the 6-meter and 8-meter sailing events for the Amsterdam Summer Olympics were held on the Zuiderzee.