How can you tell the difference between herpes simplex 1 and 2?

How can you tell the difference between herpes simplex 1 and 2?

Most commonly, herpes type 1 causes sores around the mouth and lips (sometimes called fever blisters or cold sores). HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but most cases of genital herpes are caused by herpes type 2. In HSV-2, the infected person may have sores around the genitals or rectum.

What conditions do the two types of herpes simplex virus cause?

There are two types of the herpes simplex virus:

  • HSV-1: primarily causes oral herpes, and is generally responsible for cold sores and fever blisters around the mouth and on the face.
  • HSV-2: primarily causes genital herpes, and is generally responsible for genital herpes outbreaks.

What factors activate the herpes simplex virus 1?

Risk Factors for Becoming Infected With Herpes Simplex 1 Virus

  • Exposure to Someone With Cold Sores. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) can be spread by close contact with someone who has a cold sore.
  • Age.
  • Exposure to Sunlight.
  • Physical Stress and Illness.
  • Emotional Stress.

What causes the herpes virus to become active?

Herpes infections are caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2. These viruses are contagious and transmitted from one person to another through skin-to-skin contact. Kissing or touching is the main cause of HSV-1 transmission, and sexual contact is the main cause of HSV-2 transmission.

What does HSV-1 look like?

In oral herpes, most blisters appear on the lips or mouth. They can also form elsewhere on the face, especially around the chin and below the nose, or on the tongue. At first, the sores look similar to small bumps or pimples before developing into pus-filled blisters. These may be red, yellow or white.

Can herpes cause other health problems?

And they usually occur with the first-time (primary) genital herpes outbreak. Some of these complications include: Meningitis, an infection of the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF) and tissues (meninges) that surround the brain and spinal cord. Encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain.

How is herpes simplex virus formed?

Herpes is easily spread from skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the virus. You can get it when your genitals and/or mouth touch their genitals and/or mouth — usually during oral, anal, and vaginal sex.

How do you activate the herpes virus?

Some of the following factors may trigger genital herpes symptoms:

  1. Sexual intercourse. Some people find that the friction of sexual intercourse irritates the skin and brings on symptoms.
  2. Colds and sunlight.
  3. Hormones.
  4. Surgery, weak immune system.

How does herpes simplex 1 cause cold sores?

Most are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1), the virus that also causes cold sores. The disease may also be caused by herpes virus type 2 (HSV2). This virus can be spread by sexual contact or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. HSV1 infection can also be sexually transmitted to the genital area.

What causes disseminated herpes simplex virus 1 and 2?

Neonatal disseminated HSV infection is most frequently caused by HSV-2, although HSV-1 can also be the cause. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first PCR-confirmed case of disseminated neonatal herpes caused by concomitant infection with HSV-1 and HSV-2.

When does herpes simplex cause meningoencephalitis?

Sometimes the meningoencephalitis occurs during the initial infection with the herpes simplex virus, but most often it is caused by reactivation of the virus from an earlier infection.

Is the herpes simplex virus a medical emergency?

Key points. Herpes meningoencephalitis is an infection of the brain and brain covering (meninges) caused by the herpes simplex virus. It is a medical emergency that requires treatment right away.