How do you reference something that has already been referenced?
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).
Do you have to cite everything you reference?
The APA Publication Manual (6th ed.) says, “Each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text” (p. 174). Keep those extra sources in mind for your next paper, and remember: Cite what you use, use what you cite.
Is citation and reference the same?
The terms reference and citation are also often used to refer to the same thing although a citation tends to mean the part of the text within your assignment where you acknowledge the source; whilst a reference usually refers to the full bibliographic information at the end.
When you paraphrase information in your own words you don’t have to cite the source?
Paraphrases are about the same length as the original. Always cite your paraphrase. Summarize: when you condensing the author’s words or ideas without altering the meaning or providing interpretation using your own words — basically, you’re presenting the original information in a nutshell. Always cite it.
What is the difference between in text citation and a works cited list of references?
In-text Citation vs. Works Cited Page. An in-text citation is when the writer references the originating author in the actual body of the essay. A works cited page is an alphabetized list (generally by the author’s last name) of all referenced materials used in the body of the essay.
What are the two types of citations used in APA Style?
APA Style: Two Kinds of CitationsAuthor.Date.Title.Source.
Can I paraphrase a citation?
Paraphrase: Even though you use your own words when paraphrasing, you still need to attribute the information to the original author. Cite a paraphrase the same way you would cite a quote, both parenthetically in the sentence and in the works cited.
What paraphrase examples?
Example 1. She made me angry when she was rude at dinner. This paraphrase is an example of a rewording which shortens and simplifies while maintaining the same meaning.
How do you cite something that is not a direct quote?
If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT direct quoting the work, or if you are making a reference to an entire article, book or other work, you will only cite the author and date, and not the page number.
How do you cite a paraphrase source?
When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion, like this: This is a paraphrase (Smith 8). This is a paraphrase (“Trouble” 22). Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at the end of your in-text citation.
How do you in text cite paraphrasing in APA?
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005).
How do you cite a paraphrase without page numbers?
Using In-text Citation MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).
Do you cite every sentence in APA?
No, because each instance of quoted or paraphrased information within a paragraph needs a citation. One citation at the end of a paragraph only notes that the last sentence of the paragraph came from the cited source.
How do you cite the same source multiple times in APA?
2) Use “et al.” when citing a work multiple times which has three, four, or five authors. In the first citation, list all of the authors. In the following citations, list only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” and the date.
Can I cite the same source multiple times?
If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end.
Do you need to repeat in text citations?
If the author’s name is in your text, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation. Signal phrase, Author (Year), “quote” (p. page number).
What to do if two in text citations are the same?
Two or More Works in the Same Parentheses If you cite multiple works by the same author in the same parenthetical citation, give the author’s name only once and follow with dates. No date citations go first, then years, then in-press citations.
What information always comes first in a citation in APA?
Reference list citations start with Author information. Since Author information comes first, it is the first component that your readers will identify and therefore needs to tie most directly to the In-text citation.