In which regions were the Spanish explorers mainly interested?
Spanish exploration of the New World was led by Christopher Columbus and Juan Ponce de Leon, who invaded and colonized great parts of what would become South, Central, and North America. The French Empire, led by Jacques Cartier and Giovanni da Verrazano, focused predominantly on North America.
Why did the Spanish travel to the Americas?
Spain’s motives for colonization were threefold: to locate mineral wealth, convert the Indians to Christianity, and counter French and English efforts. The Spanish colonization system was highly successful. First, an armed force subdued the natives and established forts, or presidios, for future protection.
How far north did the Spanish explore?
Seven decades later, a rival group of Europeans gave the region the name Virginia to honor their Queen Elizabeth, the “virgin queen.” Spanish explorers mapped the North American coastline north of Florida up to Newfoundland, Labrador, and Greenland by 1501.
How were the Spanish able to conquer the Americas?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
What was Spain searching for in the New World?
Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores.
What areas in the Americas did Spain claim?
Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean and gaining control over more territory for over three centuries, the Spanish Empire would expand across the Caribbean Islands, half of South America, most of Central America and much of North America.
Why did the Spanish go to South America?
The crown created civil and religious structures to administer the vast territory. The main motivations for colonial expansion were profit through resource extraction and the spread of Catholicism through indigenous conversions.
Where did the Spanish settle in North America?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.
What was the northernmost Spanish settlement in the Americas?
The Spanish also established short-lived settlements on present Vancouver Island, one of which still bears the name of Port Alberni, and Neah Bay, on the northern coast of Washington State, once represented the northernmost, albeit short-lived, Spanish settlement in the continental United States.
Why was Spain successful in colonizing the Americas?
Why was Spain successful in colonizing the Americas? Spain colonized America because they were searching for gold and silver. They did find a lot of gold and silver when they conquered the Aztec and Inca Empires. The English colonized North America for several different economic reasons.
Why did Spain succeed in conquering so much of the Americas?
b) Spain succeeded in conquering so much of the Americas for four reasons. First, they brought deadly diseases with them against which the indigenous peoples had no defense. Second, they were excellent soldiers and sailors. Their superior training and weapons allowed them to easily overcome the armies of native people.
Where did the encomiendas and New Netherland colonize?
The ENCOMIENDAS were Spanish explorers who conquered and colonized areas of what are now Mexico, South America, and the United States. NEW NETHERLAND covered much of what is now the midwestern United States and eastern Canada.
How did the encomienda system work in the Americas?
The encomienda system had been used in feudal Spain during the reconquest and had survived in some form ever since. In the Americas, the first encomiendas were handed out by Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean. Spanish conquistadors, settlers, priests, or colonial officials were given a repartimiento, or grant of land.
Why did Spain give the encomiendas to the conquistadors?
A Troublesome System. The Spanish crown reluctantly approved the granting of encomiendas because it needed to reward the conquistadors and establish a system of governance in the newly-conquered territories, and the encomiendas were a quick-fix that killed both birds with one stone.
Where did the word encomienda come from in Spanish?
The word encomienda comes from the Spanish word encomendar, meaning “to entrust.”. The encomienda system had been used in feudal Spain during the reconquest and had survived in some form ever since. In the Americas, the first encomiendas were handed out by Christopher Columbus in the Caribbean.