What is cortical nephrocalcinosis?

What is cortical nephrocalcinosis?

Renal cortical nephrocalcinosis is a rare condition in which there is calcification within the renal parenchyma. This article reports a 33-year-old patient who developed acute renal failure following multiple injuries leading to hemorrhagic shock.

How is nephrocalcinosis diagnosed?

Nephrocalcinosis may be discovered when symptoms of renal insufficiency, kidney failure, obstructive uropathy, or urinary tract stones develop. Imaging tests can help diagnose this condition. Tests that may be done include: Abdominal CT scan.

What is a cortical calcification?

Cerebral cortical calcification or gyral calcification refers to curvilinear calcifications involving the cerebral cortex. Causes include: vascular. ischemic stroke sequelae. arteriovenous malformation.

What is renal cortical calcification?

Cortical nephrocalcinosis is usually the result of dystrophic calcification, which follows parenchymal tissue destruction rather than the precipitation of excessive urinary constituents. It is secondary to infarction, neoplasm, and infection. It is typically asymmetric and is usually localized to the renal cortex (Fig.

Is nephrocalcinosis serious?

It is most commonly seen as an incidental finding with medullary sponge kidney on an abdominal x-ray. However, it may be severe enough to cause (as well as be caused by) renal tubular acidosis or even end stage kidney disease, due to disruption of the kidney tissue by the deposited calcium.

What is the treatment for nephrocalcinosis?

Treatment of macroscopic nephrocalcinosis (calcium deposition that is visible without magnification) may include thiazide diuretics and dietary salt restriction, potassium and magnesium supplementation, and citrate supplementation in idiopathic hypercalciuria (of unknown cause) and in distal renal tubular acidosis.

How do you get rid of nephrocalcinosis?

Is calcification of the kidneys serious?

They call this condition “calcification.” Calcification can occur with age, but it can also be related to infections, injuries, and cancer. Having too much calcium accumulate in the arteries, kidneys, or pericardium (the membrane that encloses the heart) can be dangerous.

What does renal calcification mean?

Calcification is the abnormal accumulation of calcium salts in body tissue. This abnormal accumulation of calcium in the kidney is referred to as nephrocalcinosis, which means a generalized increase in the kidney’s calcium content rather than a localized increase seen in calcified renal infarction and tuberculosis.

Can nephrocalcinosis cause kidney failure?

Childhood nephrocalcinosis occurs in the medullary form in most cases and can progress to chronic kidney failure with a need for dialysis during childhood or early adulthood [7].