What is the ATP equation?

What is the ATP equation?

ADP is combined with a phosphate to form ATP in the reaction ADP+Pi+free energy→ATP+H2O.

How does adenosine triphosphate work?

adenosine triphosphate (ATP), energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things. ATP captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes. When energy is needed by the cell, it is converted from storage molecules into ATP.

What macromolecule is ATP?

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) belongs to the biomolecule class of nucleic acids.

What is the cellular respiration equation?

The equation for cellular respiration is: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H20 + energy (Glucose + Oxygen yields Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy) You may notice that the equation for cellular respiration is the opposite of the equation for photosynthesis.

What does adenosine do for sleep?

3 With higher and higher concentrations, adenosine inhibits arousal and causes sleepiness. Then, adenosine levels decrease during sleep. Therefore, scientists have long extrapolated that high levels of adenosine in effect cause sleep.

How does adenosine make you sleepy?

Our neurons, or nerve cells, are embedded with adenosine receptors. When adenosine binds to these receptors, a variety of proteins that inhibit neurons are released. This suppression of nerve cell activity is what causes the feeling of drowsiness.

How do cells get energy from ATP?

Cells get energy in the form of ATP through a process called respiration, a series of chemical reactions oxidizing six-carbon glucose to form carbon dioxide.

How does ATP store and release energy?

In a process called cellular respiration, chemical energy in food is converted into chemical energy that the cell can use, and stores it in molecules of ATP. When the cell needs energy to do work, ATP loses its 3rd phosphate group, releasing energy stored in the bond that the cell can use to do work.

Why type of macromolecule is ATP?

ATP and ADP are two types of nucleotides mainly involved in the transfer of energy between biochemical reactions in the cell. In conclusion, ATP and ADP molecules are types of “universal power source” and the key difference between them is the number of phosphate group and energy content.

What does atpdraw for Windows do for EMTP?

ATPDraw for Windows is a graphical, mouse-driven pre-processor to the ATP version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP). It assists to create and edit the digital model of the electrical network to be simulated, interactively.

Where can I download the ATP draw program?

ATPDraw is a trademark and copyright of SINTEF Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway. It is programmed and maintained by Dr. Hans Kristian Høidalen. The ATPDraw for Windows program is royalty free and can be downloaded free of charge from the ftp server (user:anonymous, password: your e-mail address).

What kind of preprocessor is atpdraw for Windows?

ATPDraw is a graphical, mouse-driven preprocessor to the ATP version of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) on the MS-Windows platform.

Who is the owner of the ATP draw?

The proprietary rights of the program belongs to the Bonneville Power Administration, USA, the company who financed the program development and the SINTEF Energy Research (formerly EFI), Norway. ATPDraw has its own Web page maintained at address: