What was the Schleswig-Holstein controversy?

What was the Schleswig-Holstein controversy?

In 1866, after Prussia had beaten Austria in the Seven Weeks’ War, both Schleswig and Holstein became part of Prussia. After the formation of the German Empire in 1871, the Schleswig-Holstein question narrowed to a contest between Germany and Denmark over North Schleswig (which had a Danish-speaking majority).

Why was the Schleswig-Holstein war fought?

Like the First Schleswig War (1848–1852), it was fought for control of the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, due to the succession disputes concerning them when the Danish king died without an heir acceptable to the German Confederation.

Who won the Schleswig-Holstein war?

First Schleswig War

Date 24 March 1848 – 8 May 1851
Location Schleswig and Jutland
Result Danish victory Armistice of Malmö London Protocol Second Schleswig War (1864)
Territorial changes Denmark retains control of Schleswig-Holstein

Why did Denmark Get northern Schleswig?

After the Seven Weeks’ War (1866), Schleswig was incorporated with Holstein as a single Prussian province. Following World War I, the Danish majority living in North Schleswig (north of Flensburg) voted for incorporation with Denmark in a plebiscite (1920) held in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles.

When was the Schleswig-Holstein compromise?

Holstein was also part of the German Confederation created in 1815. When in 1848 Denmark proposed to integrate Schleswig into its administrative structure, the confederation resisted. The resulting compromise steadily eroded until in 1863 Denmark announced a new constitution including Schleswig.

What is Schleswig-Holstein known for?

Schleswig-Holstein is known as an education centre and is the site of the historic University of Kiel, founded in 1665. The Institute for World Economies at Kiel is one of the oldest economic-research institutes in Europe and has a very large library specializing in political economy.

Who won the Danish German war?

Fighting was sporadic but intense, and the Prussians won a significant victory when they captured the Danish stronghold at Dybbøl on April 18, following a two-week siege.

How did Prussia end?

The Kingdom ended in 1918 along with other German monarchies that were terminated by the German Revolution. In the Weimar Republic, the Free State of Prussia lost nearly all of its legal and political importance following the 1932 coup led by Franz von Papen.

Does Schleswig-Holstein belong to Denmark?

Schleswig-Holstein after the Seven Weeks’ War, 1866. The northern part of North Schleswig voted 70 percent to join Denmark, while the southern part voted 80 percent to remain within Germany. The northern part of North Schleswig thus became part of Denmark, and the southern portion became part of Germany.