Which is the best definition of the word irony?

Which is the best definition of the word irony?

Irony is a literary device or event in which how things seem to be is in fact very different from how they actually are. If this seems like a loose definition, don’t worry—it is. Irony is a broad term that encompasses three different types of irony, each with their own specific definition: verbal irony , dramatic irony, and situational irony.

How does irony work as a literary device?

As a plot device, irony allows readers to re-evaluate their knowledge, expectations, and understanding. Therefore, writers can call attention to themes in their work while simultaneously catching their readers off-guard. As a literary device, irony does not only reveals unexpected events or plot twists.

Is the word irony synonymous with bad luck?

Irony is not synonymous with sarcasm, coincidence, or bad luck. While these concepts can have ironic characteristics, they’re not interchangeable. More on that later. Irony creates contrast between how things seem and how they really are beneath the surface.

How is irony used in situational and dramatic irony?

In situational irony, both the characters and the audience are fully unaware of the implications of the real situation. In dramatic irony, the characters are oblivious of the situation, but the audience is not.

What’s the difference between verbal and dramatic irony?

Verbal irony is an expression (often delivered sarcastically or humorously) to express the opposite of its literal meaning. (It is a synonym for sarcasm.) Dramatic Irony. Dramatic irony is an event the significance of which is known only to observers (typically, the audience) and not the participants (typically, the actors). Situational Irony.

What are the different types of verbal irony?

Also known as eironeia, illusio, and the dry mock . Three kinds of irony are commonly recognized: Verbal irony is a trope in which the intended meaning of a statement differs from the meaning that the words appear to express. Situational irony involves an incongruity between what is expected or intended and what actually occurs.

Which is an example of a situational irony?

When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage.

How is irony used as a rhetorical device?

“Irony may be used as a rhetorical device to enforce one’s meaning. It may be used . . . as a satiric device to attack a point of view or to expose folly, hypocrisy, or vanity. It may be used as a heuristic device to lead one’s readers to see that things are not so simple or certain as they seem, or perhaps not so complex or doubtful as they seem.

What is the definition of the word interfiled?

Define interfiled. interfiled synonyms, interfiled pronunciation, interfiled translation, English dictionary definition of interfiled. vb 1. to place among other items in a file or arrangement 2. to combine in one file or arrangement Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged,…

Where does the word Gleichschaltung come from and why?

Historian Claudia Koonz explains that the word Gleichschaltung stems from the arena of electricity, where it refers to converting power from alternating current to direct current, which is called “rectification” in English; the word “Gleichschaltung” translates literally as “phasing”.

How is verbal irony different from dramatic irony?

Verbal irony is distinguished from situational irony and dramatic irony in that it is produced intentionally by speakers.

When is irony the same as coincidence and bad luck?

Situational irony. When the truth contradicts an expected outcome, it’s situational irony — also known as “the irony of events.” Again, just to clarify, irony is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck.”. If you buy a new car and then accidentally drive it into a tree, that is both coincidence and bad luck.

What is the difference between irony and satire?

Besides the three main types of irony described above, two other literary devices—sarcasm and satire—share a lot in common with irony: is a bitter, cutting, or mocking taunt used to denigrate a particular person, place, or thing. Satire is a form of social or political critique.

What is the dark irony of the police?

The dark irony is that, when people take to the streets to protest racism in policing, some police have used cutting-edge tools with a known racial bias against those assembled. It may be fun and it may get them paid, until oversaturation ruins our sense for irony and destroys the market for it.

What is the difference between verbal irony and situational irony?

Essentially, verbal and situational irony are each a violation of a reader’s expectations and conventional knowledge. When it comes to verbal irony, the reader may be expecting a character’s statement or response to be one thing though it turns out to be the opposite.

How is irony used in the Harry Potter series?

Situational irony is often present in many layers. Throughout the seventh book of the Harry Potter series, readers follow Harry on his quest to find and destroy Voldemort’s six horcruxes. At the end of the novel, we find out that there is a seventh horcrux: Harry.

How is the gift of the Magi an example of irony?

It is an example of situational irony when, in the O. Henry story ” The Gift of the Magi ,” a young wife cuts off her hair in order to buy her husband a chain for his prized watch, but the husband sells his watch to buy his wife a comb for her beautiful hair.

How is irony used in Socratic and dramatic irony?

Socratic irony is a tool used in debating; dramatic irony is what happens when the audience realizes that Romeo and Juliet’s plans will go awry. The third, and debated, use of irony regards what’s called situational irony.

Which is an example of irony in Greek tragedy?

You can also see this type of irony at play in Greek tragedies where the tragic hero is punished for their acts of hubris (excessive pride) — which was apparently the gravest sin in ancient Greece. Example: In Oedipus Rex, the title character is, unbeknownst to him, a foundling adopted by King Polybus.

How is irony related to the idea of cosmic irony?

Situational irony is closely related to the idea of cosmic irony, where the universe seemingly contrives an event for its own amusement. For example, when the “unsinkable” HMS Titanic met an untimely end on its maiden voyage. To clarify: “the irony of events” is not the same as “coincidence” and “bad luck” (apologies to Alanis Morrisette).

Which is the best example of situational irony?

Situational irony is when the outcome of a situation is totally different from what people expect. This type of irony is a literary technique that’s riddled with contradictions and contrasts. For example, in the book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, all the people in Emerald City assume that its Oz is powerful and impressive.

How does the pretense theory of irony work?

In being ironic, the theory goes, a speaker is pretending to be an injudicious person speaking to an uninitiated audience; the speaker intends the addressees of the irony to discover the pretense and thereby see his or her attitude toward the speaker, the audience, and the utterance.

Which is an example of irony in The Hobbit?

Dramatic Irony Example: The Hobbit. The Hobbit contains a perfect example of this when Bilbo happens upon the ring while lost in a mountain. He puts it in his pocket and soon after encounters Gollum. At this point, readers are aware of the significance of the ring and of its importance to Gollum.

What is the dictionary definition of a manicurist?

English Language Learners Definition of manicurist : a person who does beauty treatments for the hands and fingernails : a person who gives manicures See the full definition for manicurist in the English Language Learners Dictionary

Who was without a sense of irony and banter?

Lacking any sense of irony, Eldridge made campaign-finance reform a signature plank. This unreasoning, feminine obstinacy so wrought upon him that he permitted himself a smile and a lapse into irony and banter. Today her irony was concealed, but, like a carefully-covered fire, he knew it was burning still.

Is the word irony synonymous with the word incongruous?

This sense, however, is not synonymous with “incongruous” but merely a definition of dramatic or situational irony. It is often included in definitions of irony not only that incongruity is present but also that the incongruity must reveal some aspect of human vanity or folly.

Verbal Irony. The use of words to mean something different than what they appear to mean. Situational Irony. The difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. Dramatic Irony. When the audience is more aware of what is happening than a character.

How does irony depend on two story phenomenon?

First, irony depends on a double-layered or two-story phenomenon for success. “At the lower level is the situation either as it appears to the victim of irony (where there is a victim) or as it is deceptively presented by the ironist.” The upper level is the situation as it appears to the reader or the ironist.

Which is an example of irony in Harry Potter?

This unexpected twist also comes with the ironic realization that Harry must sacrifice himself for Voldemort to die. So he willingly goes to meet Voldemort — and his own death. But when Voldemort uses the killing curse on Harry, it has the opposite of his desired effect.

How to play Hearts of iron for beginners?

10 simple steps for beginners Hearts of Iron IV Guide 1. Select a national focus One of the key steps that you have to take, after you start the game, is to select the… 2. Change your political system Thanks to changing the political system in your country, you can receive additional… 3. Change

Which is the best definition of the word equalize?

English Language Learners Definition of equalize : to make (something) equal or to become equal : to make (something) even or to become even : to tie the score

How does irony give us insight into a character?

Verbal irony, can give us insight into a character’s true state, and challenge us to look deeper into that character’s motivations.

What’s the difference between irony, sarcasm and ridicule?

Irony differs from sarcasm in greater subtlety and wit. In sarcasm ridicule or mockery is used harshly, often crudely and contemptuously, for destructive purposes.

Which is an example of an ironic understatement?

As you might expect, an ironic understatement creates contrast by undermining the impact of something, though the thing itself will be rather substantial or severe. Example: In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield casually says, “I have to have this operation.

Which is the best definition of an ironic statement?

An ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation.

Where did the term Grenzer come from in history?

(plural Grenzers or Grenzer) (historical) light infantry troops who came from the Croatian and Transylvanian Military Frontier in Habsburg Monarchy (later the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary), originally raised to defend Austria against the Ottoman Turks.

Which is the correct definition of a gigaparsec?

›› Definition: Gigaparsec. The SI prefix “giga” represents a factor of 10 9, or in exponential notation, 1E9. So 1 gigaparsec = 10 9 parsecs. The definition of a parsec is as follows: The parsec (symbol pc) is a unit of length used in astronomy. It stands for “parallax of one arc second”, and is approximately 19,131,554,073,600 (19 trillion) miles.

Which is the great irony of human intelligence?

The great irony of human intelligence is that the only species on Earth capable of reason, complex-problem solving, long-term planning and consciousness understands so little about the organ that makes it all possible—the brain.

What is the meaning of the word inexistent?

What does inexistent mean? Having no existence; nonexistent. (adjective)

When does Jonathan Swift use the word irony?

The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean. Jonathan Swift uses irony in “ A Modest Proposal ” when he suggests the eating of babies as a solution to overpopulation and starvation in Ireland.

Irony (from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία eirōneía ‘dissimulation, feigned ignorance’), in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what on the surface appears to be the case or to be expected differs radically from what is actually the case.

When do you decapitalize a word in English?

to alter the capitalization, usually from an initial capital letter to a lower-case letter, in a written statement. Depending upon whether you’re British or whether you’re US, you’ll either capitalize the word ‘the’ or you’ll decapitalize it.